MADIDI NATIONAL PARK

The Madidi National Park (ANMI) is a protected area of national category administered by the National Service of Protected Areas.

Relevant aspects

The ANMI Madidi NPP is located in the most biologically rich region of Bolivia and its conservation reaches not only in the continental area but also worldwide, since it is one of the most extraordinary natural reservoirs of genetic resources on the planet. The Area is characterized by its exceptional biological richness and the diversity of ecosystems. Madidi is home to more than: 4,739 species of higher plants, 1,370 species of vertebrates and 867 species of neo-tropical birds. Madidi is a large center of endemic plants, considered a critical point in terms of conservationPN ANMI Madidi is located in the most biologically rich region of Bolivia and its conservation reaches not only the continental but also the world, since it constitutes one of the reservoirs most extraordinary natural resources of the planet. It is the protected area with the highest number of bird species in the world and it is thought that with more studies 1,100 or more species will be recorded. There are numerous sites of archaeological importance, both of Inca origin and Mollo culture, including pre-Columbian roads in the highlands. Also, the Area is characterized by a great cultural diversity and is the traditional territory of many ethnic groups, both in the lowlands and in the highlands. It is the protected area with the highest number of bird species in the world and it is thought that with more studies 1,100 or more species will be recorded.

Wildlife inside Madidi

There are 733 fauna species registered for the Area, especially mammals, birds, reptiles and fish. Among the mammals, the jucumari or spectacled bear (Tremarctos ornatus), the Andean cat or titi (Felis jacobita), the taruca or Andean deer (Hippocamelus antisensis), the white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus), the puma stand out. (Felis concolor), the jaguar (Panthera onca), having been reported melanic varieties, the tigrecillo (Felis pardalis), the tropero (Tayassu pecari albirostris), the deer of the marshes (Odocoileus dichotomus), the londra (Pteronura brasiliensis), the marimono (Ateles paniscus), the manechi (Alouatta seniculus) and several species of the family Callitrichidae. 620 species of birds have been recorded, although it is estimated that there are 1,100 species in the Park-about 90% of the birds found in Bolivia. The park is home to species such as the Crested Eagle (Oroaetus isidori), the cock of the rock (Rupicola peruviana), the harpy eagle (Harpia harpyja), the endemic buzzing birds (Oreotrochilus adela and Aglaeactis pamela), as well as endangered species such as Grallaria erythrotis that is endemic to the region, and others.

Flora inside Madidi

An estimated 5,000 to 6,000 species of higher plants throughout the Area. Notable species such as Queñua (Polylepis racemosa triacontranda), including a new species for science, the huaycha (Weinmannia microphylla), the iotavio (Weinmannia boliviensis and W. crassifolia), the walnut tree (Juglans boliviana), the yuraj huaycha (Miconia theaezans) ), the mountain pines (Podocarpus spp.), the wild coca (Eugenia sp.), the alder (Alnus acuminata), the chachacoma (Escallonia myrtilloides), the yarumas (Hesperomeles ferruginea and H. lanuginosa), the red alder ( Myrica pubescens), the myrtle (Randia boliviana), the limachu (Myrsine coriacea), the elder (Sambucus peruviana), the laurels (Ocotea spp. And Nectandra spp.), The coloradillo del monte (Byrsonima indorum), the cinchona (Cinchona officinalis), the isigo (Tetragastris altissima), the bilka (Anadenanthera colubrina), the bibosi (Ficus spp.), the guitarrero (Didymopanax morototoni) and the biscuit (Miconia multiflora).

Objectives of Madidi Park

Madidi's creation objectives are the following: Permanent protection of samples of pristine ecosystems and extraordinary biodiversity representative of the Amazon and the Yungas and of genetic resources and species of importance for conservation. Protect geomorphological formations and unique landscapes of the Cordillera Real, sub-Andean ranges, foothills and alluvial plains. Protect watersheds, especially headwaters, considering the high rainfall that receives most of the area, topography characterized by steep slopes and extremely fragile soils. Protect and safeguard the cultural wealth of ancient colonial populations and the values and archaeological interest of the area. Promote the sustainable use of natural resources by the populations that traditionally inhabit it with a view to obtaining an improvement in their quality of life and access to the benefits derived from the conservation and management of the area. Contribute to safeguarding the cultural heritage and to the rescue of traditional techniques and systems for the use of resources of the original inhabitants. Promote the use and recovery of traditional technologies and systems for the use of resources, as well as alternative forms that improve production and contribute to the improvement of the quality of life of the local population. Promote productive activities in the areas of the integrated natural management area, which are framed in the objectives of conservation and sustainable development and that demonstrate demonstrative experiences that are not harmful or harmful to ecosystems and their processes. Provide ample opportunities for recreation in nature, ecotourism, environmental interpretation and environmental education. Provide opportunities for scientific research and monitoring of ecological processes.

Biological Value

Beauty, uniqueness and diversity are some of the features that best define Madidi, the most biodiverse protected area in the world. With less than 0.0037% of the planet's surface, it represents 3% of the higher plants, 3.75% of the vertebrates and 11% of the birds. In fact, Madidi concentrates the highest percentage of plants and animals in Bolivia: 60% of the flora and 66% of the vertebrates, with a very high number of bird species, around 76%. How is such a striking diversity explained? It is an area with a great topographical, climatic and altitudinal variety (from 180 to 6,000 meters high), which has resulted in a spectacular diversity of habitats and species of plants and animals. Madidi is vital for the conservation of populations of numerous species of wildlife (at least 2,000 vertebrates), several of them in a threatening situation at the continental level. It also houses a great variety of invertebrates, of which little is known yet. Madidi is vital for the conservation of populations of numerous species of wildlife (at least 2,000 vertebrates), several of them in a threatening situation at the continental level, such as the taruka or Andean deer, the Andean bear, the jaguar, the londra , the pink monkey, the swamp deer, the borochi, the condor, the harpy eagle, the black alligator and the land and water turtles. It also hosts a variety of small species, including butterflies, dragonflies, bees, ants, beetles, grasshoppers and spiders, of which little is known yet.